Influence of Zoo Visitor Presence on the Behavior of Captive Indian Guar in a Zoological Park

Sekar, Mahadevan and Thangavel Rajagopal, Govindaraju Archunan. Influence of Zoo Visitor Presence of the Behavior of Captive Indian Guar (Bos gaurus gaurus) in a Zoological Park. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, Vol. 11, No. 4. 2008.


Sekar, Rajagopal, and Archunan studied four captive bison at the Arignar Anna Zoological Park in India to examine the influence of visitor presence on their behavior. Their age varied and included both genders. The bison were open to visitors six days a week, from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. From 11:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. the researchers watched the bison for 20 days with visitors presents and 20 days with no visitors. The study found that the bison were significantly more active and aggressive when visitors were present.  Their reproductive behavior was not significantly impacted by visitor presence.

Main Points, Potential Applications, and Future Research:

  • The presence of visitors had a profound influence on some aspects of captive bison behavior, but not others.
  • This study can be applied to other animals to look for possible stress when visitors are present.

Summary by Samantha Wolford

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