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Oregon Colleges

Lewis and Clark Law School LLM Degree

Lewis and Clark Law School is proud to offer the world’s first and only advanced legal degree in animal law.  With a rich, pioneering history in the field of animal law, Lewis & Clark is uniquely positioned to offer an LL.M. degree and provide rigorous academic and professional training. Courses include:

Administrative Law (100A & 100E)
Advanced Animal Law Seminar (549)
Advanced Trial Practice Seminar (484)
Agriculture Environmental Law Seminar (493)
Animal Cruelty: The Link to Domestic Violence & Policy (305)
Animal Law – Advanced Legal Research (593 A)
Animal Law Clinic I (788 AY)
Animal Law Clinic: Advanced (790 AZ)
Animal Law Fundamentals (449 A)
Animal Law Graduate LLM Seminar I & II (600 AY & 601 AZ)
Animal Law in Kenya- POSTPONED
Animal Law Litigation (924)
Animal Law: Policy Influences Through Legislation, Lobbying, and Litigation (448)
Animal Legal Philosophy & Development (303-S1)
Animal Rights Law & Jurisprudence (407)
Animals in Agriculture: Law & Policy Seminar (451)
Appellate Advocacy (517)
Climate Change (490)
Companion Animals: Law and Policy (446)
Comparative International Animal Law (409)
Crimes Against Animals (459)
Environmental & Animal Law Advocacy I (594-A1)
Environmental & Animal Law Advocacy II (595-A1)
Environmental Justice Law and Theory (342E)
Environmental Law (118)
Equine Law Seminar (473)
Forest Law and Policy (360A)
General Counsel Topics: Animal Law Seminar (442)
International Environmental Law (534)
International Wildlife Law (951)
Jurisprudence and Property Seminar (470)
Law of Columbia River Seminar (414)
Law, Science, and Environment Seminar (562 SM)
Legal Practicum: Animal Law Legislation (785)
Legislative & Political Process Seminar (396)
Moot Court: NALC Closing Argument (721-A1)
Moot Court: NALC Legislative Drafting & Lobbying (721-B1)
Natural Resources Law (401)
Pacific Salmon Law Seminar (414)
Public Lands and Resources Law (420)
Sustainable Food and Agriculture Seminar (504)
The Law & Ethics of Animal Testing (921)
The Law of Humane Science (921)
Transactional Approach to Animal Law (952)
Water Law (434)
Wildlife Law (436)


Lewis and Clark

School of Education and Counseling

Animal Human Bond And Counseling

Pilar Hernandez-Wolfe

Contemporary scholarship provides evidence for the importance of the relationship between humans and animals, ranging from the significance of companion animals and the need for social support for the bereaved pet owners to the relationship between animal abuse and child abuse, domestic violence and elder abuse. Research has documented the therapeutic benefits of animals, and pet-facilitated therapy is highly consistent with systemic approaches fostering resilience and ecopyschology. This two day course addresses the counseling implications of the complex bond between humans and other animals. Topics covered include: 1) an overview of the relationship between humans and animals and why related knowledge, attitudes and skills are important for therapists; 2) animals as pets and their health and mental health benefits for over the life course; 3) pet-facilitated therapy and the use of service animals; 4) animal abuse and its relationship to domestic violence; 5) ethical issues and controversies, including animal rights, animals and research, vegetarianism and counseling.

Oregon State University

Animal Science

Contentious Issues in Animal Agriculture

Claudia Ingham and Matt Kennedy

This course, available to all undergraduate students, features a number of guest lecturers, and devotes several class sessions to each of the following five issue areas: public lands, animal products and human nutrition; animal products and food safety issues, animal rights and welfare, and animal biotechnologies

Animal Sciences

Ethical Issues in Animal Agriculture

Claudia Ingham and Giovanna Rosenlicht

This is a senior level intensive writing course and is therefore required of all animal science majors. The course combines the study of ethics and issues in animal agriculture such as animal welfare, animal rights, and animal liberation. The students use different writing activities to explore and discuss these issues.


History of Animal Use in Science

Anita Guerrini

Using a variety of sources, this course will explore the ways humans have thought about and used animals in science and medicine from the seventeenth century to the present. How has science constructed the boundaries between humans and animals, and what have the consequences been for each?

Veterinary Medicine

Veterinary Medical Ethics

Jill Parker

This is an intensive elective course that offers an introduction to ethics in veterinary medicine, with specific attention to the moral status of animals, the process of ethical reasoning, and ethical decision making in practice.


Portland State University

Theatre Arts

Wildlife Film and Television

Mark Berrettini

This course will cover a range of film and television texts, fiction and non-fiction, that represent nonhuman and human animals, nature and “wildlife”. We will examine concepts such as: anthropomorphism, human-animal interactions, the cultural construction of nature and wilderness, the animal “world” as an extension of humanity, the definition and boundary of wildlife, subjectivity, and the popularity of animal and nature genres in film and television.


Animals in Science and Society

William H. York

The earliest cave paintings reveal that humans have long been curious about animals. Human societies have hunted animals and domesticated them to use them as food, beasts of burden, and even as pets. Humans have also observed animal behaviors and studied their physical structures as objects of scientific inquiry. This course will consider the numerous ways in which humans have interacted with animals in history. We will investigate a broad array of visual and textual materials to consider the variety of symbols, representations, and stories about animals, in popular culture, as well as efforts to examine animals through science. Ultimately, understanding the interaction between humans will allow us to consider the ways in which humans have constructed meanings for animals and how those constructions influence and reinforce beliefs about the human condition and concepts of what it means to be human.

Animal Sciences

Animals and the Human Condition

William H. York

Animals and Literature

Alastair Hunt


University of Oregon

Animals and Media

Debra Merskin

Human understanding of the natural world both constructs and consumes it.  In the 21st century, it is incumbent upon us to understand the role the mass media (and ancillary services such as advertising and public relations) play in interpreting and defining the natural world and those who inhabit it. The goal of this course is to heighten awareness of how animals are used to sell products, services, and ideas and how this use impacts the planet and its inhabitants. Moral philosophy, animal, media, cultural, feminist, and critical race studies and theories guide our journey. Animals and humans have interacted for thousands of years. During this same time humans have re-presented animals in art, sculpture, music, and dance. Today many of us learn about animals via symbolic representations in films, commercials, books, or photography. Yet, something is lost if a child learns only or mostly about the natural world and its inhabitants indirectly or symbolically. In this course we will explore the social construction of animals in the modern world, their ancient symbolic origins, and the impact of mediated representations on survival of species.


Nature and Media

Debra Merskin

Human understanding of the natural world both constructs it and consumes it.  In this, the 21st century, it is incumbent upon us to understand the role the mass media (and ancillary services such as advertising and public relations) play in interpreting and defining the natural world and those who inhabit it. The goal of this course is to heighten awareness of the use of nature to sell products and ideas and of how news media construct aspects of nature and the influence of these presentations on the planet and earth’s inhabitants. Moral philosophy and cultural studies theories guide our journey.


Domestic Animals

Stephen Dueppen

Explores human relationships with domestic animals, examining the domestication process and the effects of animal domestication on human society. Offered alternate years.

Environmental Studies

Environmental Aesthetics

Ted Toadvine

Explores aesthetic experience of nature through philosophical perspective; emphasizes nature and art; beauty and the sublime; embodiment, culture, and science; and ethics, conservation, and preservation.


Environmental Studies

Environmental Ethics

Nicolae Morar

This course introduces key concepts and methods in environmental ethics and surveys a range of contemporary positions in this field while developing skills of value clarification and ethical reasoning applicable to areas of interdisciplinary environmental study and problem-solving. Topics covered include the interdependence of facts and values in environmental decision-making, the relation of environmental ethics to traditional ethical theory, the conceptual foundations of environmental ethics, attributions of intrinsic value and rights to nature and other species, consumption and sustainability in our conceptions of the good life, and problems of resource distribution and environmental justice. The course concludes with case studies of specific ethical problems confronting environmentalists today (recent examples include restoration of oak savanna and the Klamath River salmon controversy). Emphasizing the skills of critical thinking, value reasoning, and philosophical inquiry within an interdisciplinary context, this course guides students in the application of these skills to real-world examples requiring analysis and interpretation.



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